Energy, Momentum, Power Factor, and Taylor Knock-out Calculators

Bullets Weight in grains
Velocity in fps
Bullet diameter in inches

Energy
ft lb
ft lb
Momentum
ft lb/sec
ft lb/sec
Power Factor
Taylor KO

The Taylor knock-out factor, also called Taylor KO factor or TKOF, is a formulaic mathematical approach for evaluating the stopping power of hunting cartridges developed by John "Pondoro" Taylor in the middle of the 20th century. Taylor, an elephant hunter and author who wrote two books about rifles and cartridges for African hunting, devised the formula as a means of comparing the ability of a cartridge to deliver a knock out blow to elephant from a shot to the head when the brain is missed.

The Taylor KO factor multiplies bullet weight (measured in grains) by muzzle velocity (measured in feet per second) by bullet diameter (measured in inches) and then divides the product by 7,000, converting the value from grains to pounds and giving a numerical value from 0 to ~150 for normal hunting cartridges.